The department of physics was established in 1962 in the University with the basic policy to teach pure physics. The department graduated its first crop of students; four in number, in 1965.the department also offers courses in areas of applied physics. Several areas of Applied physics that were offered have now developed into fullfledged departments. Such applied areas are: Geophysics which grew into a fullfledged department of geology; Electronics which has grown into the Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering
In the early days of the physics program, the department depended heavily on foreign lecturers in both the teaching of the courses and serving as external examiners to moderate the examinations. The department has since trained its own indigenous staff members, some of whom were trained abroad while others were trained locally. These form the great majority of lecturers within the department right now.
Over the years there has been a remarkable thrust in the area of research within the department. The areas research include geophysics, atmospheric physics, Meteorology, solid state physics, Atomic and molecular physics, nuclear and particle physics, most of the advances that were made in this area of research have now been seriously undermined by shortage of funds both for basic research and for running of the program itself.
Since Physics is concerned with the description of the fundamental properties of the physical universe, the Physics curriculum may appeal to students with many different educational objectives. Most seek employment directly after receiving the Bachelor’s degree, often in teaching, in industry and in government service in varied capacities from the purely scientific to the purely administrative and economic. A few will pursue further studies, either in Physics or in such physicsoriented fields as Oil and Mineral Exploration, Meteorology, Materials Science, Electronics, Nuclear Engineering Science, Medical and Health Physics etc.
Because of these diverse interests, the Undergraduate Programme in Physics has been designed to:
To be eligible for admission to a degree of Bachelor of Science in Physics or Engineering Physics a candidate must have
In realization of the need for industrial experience, Physics students register a course titled PHY 437 (Field Trip) equivalent to SIWES under which they are credited.
Withdrawal from the program shall be subject to existing University regulations
Faculty Requirements
L – Lecture Hours; T – Tutorial Hours; P – Practical Hours
Course Code  Course Title  Units  Harmattan LTP  Rain LTP 
BIO101  Biology for Physical Sciences  3  300 

CHM101  Introductory Chemistry I  4  310 

CHM103  Experimental Chemistry I  1  003 

CHM102  Introductory Chemistry II  4 
 310 
CHM104  Experimental Chemistry I  1 
 003 
MTH101  Elementary Mathematics I  5  410 

MTH102  Elementary Mathematics II  5 
 410 
MTH201  Mathematical Methods I  4  400 

MTH202  Mathematical Methods II  4 
 400 
PHY101  General Physics I  4  310 

PHY102  General Physics II  4 
 310 
PHY107  Experimental Physics 1A  1  003 

PHY108  Experimental Physics 1B  1 
 003 
PHY205  Introductory Modern Physics  3  300 

PHY207  Experimental Physics 2A  1  003 

PHY208  Experimental Physics 2B  1 
 003 
FSC201  Entrepreneurship for Science Students I  2  200 

FSC202  Entrepreneurship for Science Students II  2 
 200 
Total units  50 


Course Code  Course Title  Units  Harmattan LTP  Rain LTP 
EPH102  Energy and Society  1  100  
EPH402  Electrical, Optical and Magnetic Properties of Materials  3  300  
EPH411  SIWES  3  300  
PHY201  Classical Mechanics I  3  300  
PHY202  Introduction to Environmental Physics  3 
 300 
PHY203  Electric Circuits and Electronics  3  300  
PHY206  Modern Physics  3 
 300 
PHY301  Mathematical Methods of Physics I  3  300  
PHY302  Mathematical Methods of Physics II  3 
 300 
PHY303  Electromagnetic Theory I  3  300  
PHY304  Electromagnetic Theory II  3  300  
PHY305  Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory  3  300  
PHY306  Optics  3 
 300 
PHY307  Experimental Physics IIIA  2  003  
PHY308  Experimental Physics IIIB  2 
 003 
PHY 309  Introduction to Accelerator Physics  2  200  
PHY310  Classical Mechanics II  3 
 300 
PHY311  Introduction to Astrophysics  2  200  
PHY 312  Introduction to Space Physics  2  200  
PHY314  Quantum Physics I  3  300  
PHY401  Quantum Physics II  3  300  
PHY403  Statistical Physics  3  300  
PHY404  Nuclear and Particle Physics I  3  300  
PHY405  General Solid State Physics  3  300  
PHY499  Independent Study and Project  4  009  009 
AGE202  Workshop Practice  2 
 200 
CSC201  Introduction to Computing  3  300  
CSC208  Computer Technology  2 
 200 
 Total  76 


B.Sc. Physics Revised Curriculum: Work LoadPart 1  
 Harm  Units  Rain  Units  
EPH 102  Energy and Society  100  1  
PHY 101  General Physics I  310  4  
PHY102  General Physics II  310  4  
PHY107  Experimental Physics 1A  003  1  
PHY108  Experimental Physics 1B  003  1  
BIO101  Biology for Physical Sciences  300  3  
CHM101  Introductory Chemistry I  310  4  
CHM102  Introductory Chemistry II  310  4  
CHM103  Experimental Chemistry I  003  1  
CHM104  Experimental Chemistry I  003  1  
MTH101  Elementary Mathematics I  410  5  
MTH102  Elementary Mathematics II  410  5  
SER001  Use of English  200  2  200  2  
 Total Units 
 20 
 18  38 
Part 2  
 Harm  Units  Rain  Units  
PHY201  Classical Mechanics I  300  3 

 
PHY202  Introduction to Environmental Physics 

 300  3  
PHY203  Electric Circuits and Electronics  300  3 

 
PHY205  Introductory Modern Physics  300  3 

 
PHY206  Modern Physics 

 300  3  
PHY207  Experimental Physics 2A  003  1 

 
PHY208  Experimental Physics 2B 

 003  1  
AGE202  Workshop Practice 

 200  2  
CSC201  Introduction to Computing  300  3 

 
CSC208  Computer Technology 

 200  2  
FSC 201  Entrepreneurship for Science Students I  200  2 

 
FSC 202  Entrepreneurship for Science Students II 

 200  2  
MTH201  Mathematical Methods I  310  4 

 
MTH202  Mathematical Methods II 

 310  4  
 Special Electives  200  2  200  2  
 Total Units 
 21 
 19  40  
 
Part 3  
 Harm  Units  Rain  Units  
PHY301  Mathematical Methods of Physics I  300  3 

 
PHY302  Mathematical Methods of Physics II 

 300  3  
PHY303  Electromagnetic Theory I  300  3 

 
PHY304  Electromagnetic Theory II 

 300  3  
PHY305  Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory  300  3 

 
PHY306  Optics 

 300  3  
PHY307  Experimental Physics IIIA  003  2 

 
PHY308  Experimental Physics IIIB 

 003  2  
PHY 309  Introduction to Accelerator Physics  200  2 

 
PHY310  Classical Mechanics II 

 300  3  
PHY311  Introduction to Astrophysics  200  2 

 
PHY312  Introduction to Space Physics 

 200  2  
PHY314  Quantum Physics I 

 300  3  
 Free Electives 
 3 

 
 Special Electives 
 2 
 2  
 Total Units 
 20 
 21  41 
Part 4  
 Harm  Units  Rain  Units 
 
EPH402  Electrical, Optical and Magnetic Properties of Materials 

 300  3  
EPH411  SIWES  300  3 

 
PHY401  Quantum Physics II  300  3 

 
PHY403  Statistical Physics  300  3 

 
PHY404  Nuclear and Particle Physics I 

 300  3  
PHY405  General Solid State Physics  300  3 

 
PHY499  Physics Independent Study Project  009  2  009  2  
 Restricted Electives 
 4 
 8  
 Free Electives 


 3  
 Total Units 
 18 
 19  37 
Note:^{ }EPH 411 is listed for the purpose of crediting the students in the Harmattan Semester. It’s not really a workload during the semester.
7E. DEPARTMENTAL RESTRICTED ELECTIVES
Code  Course Title  Harm  Rain  Units  
EPH202  Introduction to Nuclear Science and Engineering 
 300  3  
EPH204  Introduction to Materials Science 
 300  3  
EPH301  Atomic Arrangements in Solids  200 
 2  
EPH410  Selected Topics in Advanced Materials 
 200  2  
EPH412  Nuclear and Materials Laboratory 
 003  1  
EPH413  Vacuum Science and Application  200 
 2  
EPH414  Introduction to Tribological Properties of Materials 
 300  3  
EPH421  Thermal Hydraulics and Reactor Design  300 
 3  
EPH422  Nuclear Fuel Management  –  200  2  
EPH424  Nuclear Reactor Safety 
 200  2  
EPH425  Introduction to Numerical Simulations in Radiation Transport  200 
 2  
PHY250  Physics of the Earth 
 200  2  
PHY313  Stellar Astrophysics  200 
 2  
PHY315  Introduction to Petrophysics  200 
 2  
PHY416  Computational Methods in Physics and Materials Science 
 200  2  
PHY420  NonLinear Dynamics, Chaos and Recent Applications 
 200  2  
PHY421  Relativity  200 
 2  
PHY422  Selected Topics in Condensed Matter Physics 
 200  2  
PHY424  Nuclear and Particle Physics II 
 200  2  
PHY425  Atomic and Molecular Physics  200 
 2  
PHY426  Quantum Physics III 
 200  2  
PHY428  Photonics and Quantum Optics 
 200  2  
PHY430  Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy 
 200  2  
PHY431  Atmospheric Physics I  300 
 3  
PHY432  Atmospheric Physics II 
 300  3  
PHY433  Solid Earth Physics I  300 
 3  
PHY434  Solid Earth Physics II 
 300  3  
PHY435  Seismology  200 
 2  
PHY436  Remote Sensing 
 200  2  
PHY437  Gravimetry and Magnetometry  200 
 2  
PHY438  Electrical and Electromagnetic Methods 
 200  2  
BCH201  Cell and Molecular Biology  300 
 3  
BCH406  Biophysics 
 200  2  
CHM306  Polymer Chemistry 
 200  2  
CSC307  Numerical Computation I  300 
 3  
CSC308  Numerical Computation II 
 300  3  
CSC521  Modelling and Simulation  200 
 2  
CSC523  Mathematical Programming 
 200  2  
EEE302  Electronic Engineering 
 300  3  
EEE313  Electrical Measurements and Instrumentation  300 
 3  
EEE407  Pulse and Digital Techniques  200 
 2  
EEE523  Electronic Materials Technology  300 
 3  
EEG206  Electronic Engineering I 
 300  3  
EEG301  Electronic Engineering II  210 
 3  
EEG413  Electronic Devices Design and Fabrication  200 
 2  
EEG521  Instrumentation Engineering I  300 
 3  
GLY322  Introductory Exploration Geophysics 
 300  3  
GLY303  Structural Geology 
 300  3  
GLY418  Petroleum Geology 
 300  3  
ICH306  Petroleum Chemistry 
 200  2  
MTH206  Introduction to Numerical Analysis 
 300  3  
MTH302  Differential Equations 
 400  4  
MTH303  Advanced Calculus  200 
 2  
STT201  Introduction to Statistics  200 
 2  
TPD502  Technology Policy 
 300  3 
B.Sc Physics Minimum Requirement New (Units) Old (Units)
iii) Departmental Requirement 76 69
Minimum Total Number of Units 156 147
DESCRIPTION OF COURSES
PHY101: GENERAL PHYSICS I (310) 4 Units – Harmattan Semester
Physics and Measurement; Motion in One Dimension; Vectors – Coordinate Systems, Vector and Scalar Quantities, Some Properties of Vectors, Components of a Vector and Unit Vectors, Motion in Two Dimensions, The Laws of Motion, The Concept of Force, Newton’s First Law and Inertial Frames, Mass, Newton’s Second Law, The Force of Gravity and Weight, Newton’s Third Law, Applications of Newton’s Laws, Circular Motion and Other, Work and Kinetic Energy, Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy, Linear Momentum and Collisions, Rotation of a Rigid Object About a Fixed Axis, Rolling Motion and Angular Momentum, Static Equilibrium and Elasticity, Oscillatory Motion, The Law of Gravity, Fluid Mechanics, Wave Motion, Sound Waves, Superposition and Standing Waves, Temperature, Heat and the First Law of Thermodynamics, The Kinetic Theory of Gases, Heat Engines, Entropy, and the Second Law of Thermodynamics.
Prerequisites: O/Level Mathematics and Physics
Recommended Text: Resnik and Halliday: University Physics.
PHY102: GENERAL PHYSICS II (310) 4 Units – Rain Semester
Electric Fields, Gauss’s Law, Electric Potential, Capacitance and Dielectrics, Current and Resistance, Direct Current Circuits, Magnetic Fields, Sources of the Magnetic Field, Faraday’s Law, Inductance, AlternatingCurrent Circuits, Electromagnetic Waves, Maxwell’s Equations and Hertz’s Discoveries Plane Electromagnetic Waves Energy Carried by Electromagnetic Waves Momentum and Radiation Pressure (Optional) Radiation from an Infinite Current Sheet (Optional) Production of Electromagnetic Waves by an Antenna The Spectrum of Electromagnetic Waves, Geometric Optics, Images Formed by Flat Mirrors Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors Images Formed by Refraction Thin Lenses, Interference of Light Waves, Diffraction and Polarization, Relativity.
Prerequisite: O.L. Mathematics, O.L. Physics
Recommended Text: University Physics
PHY105: PHYSICS FOR BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES I (310) 4 Units – Harmattan Semester.
Measurement and Dimensions, Composition and Resolution of Vectors, Equilibrium Under the action of concurrent forces, Moment of a Force, Rectilinear Motion, Newton’s Law and Gravitation, Motion in a Plane, Work , Energy and power, Impulse and Momentum,Rigid body Rotation, Density; Elasticity, Harmonic Motion, Hydrostatics, Hydrodynamics and Viscosity, Temperature, Heat and Heat Measurement, Transfer of Heat Energy, Elementary Thermodynamics, Travelling Waves and Vibrating Bodies.
Prerequisites: O/L Mathematics, O.L. Physics.
Recommended Text: College Physics
PHY106: PHYSICS FOR BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES II (310) 4 Units –Rain Semester.
Electric charge, Forces and Fields, Electric potential, Energy and Capacitance, Gauss’ Law, Electric Current and Resistance, Basic Electric Circuits, Magnetism, Electromagnetic Induction, AC Circuits. Geometrical Optics: Reflection and Refraction of light, Mirrors and Lenses. Physical Optics: The wave nature of Light, Optical Instruments. Relativity, Quantum Physics, Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Physics. The Nucleus: Nuclear Reactions and Elementary particles
Prerequisites: O.L. Mathematics, O.L. Physics.
PHY107: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS IA (003) 1 Unit – Harmattan Semester.
Laboratory experiments which involve principles and experimental techniques in Mechanics, Thermodynamics and Wave Motion. These experiments include: Precision measuring instruments, precision measurements –spherometer, experiment with cantilever, friction and the inclined plane, hooke’s law, determination of Young modulus by bending a beam, calorimetry.
Prerequisites: O.L. Mathematics, O.L. Physics.
PHY108: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS IB (003) 1 Unit – Rain Semester
Laboratory experiments which involve principles and experimental techniques in Electricity, Magnetism, Optics and Modern Physics. These experiments include: Ohm’s law: Parallel and series circuits, Parallel circuit and Kirchhoff’s law, AC circuits, targent galvanometer, Wheatstone Bridge, resistance and Resistivity, the potentiometer: internal resistance of a test cell, tin lenses, refractive index of a prism, refraction of light at plane surfraces, the spectrometer.
Prerequisites: O.L. Mathematics, O.L. Physics.
PHY201: CLASSICAL MECHANICS I (300) 3 Units – Harmattan Semester.
Vectors. Particle Kinematics. Review of Newton’s and conservation laws, Newtonian mechanics; static’s and dynamics: Invariance of Newton’s laws (Galilean Relativity). Harmonic Oscillation. Vibrations and Waves. Work: Energy momentum, angular momentum, conservation Laws. Mechanics of Systems of particles and rigid bodies; collisions of particles; central forces; theory of gravitation. Fluid mechanics.
Special Relativity Postulates. MichelsonMerley experiment. Lorentz transformation.
Prerequisites: MTH 101, MTH 102 and PHY 101
PHY202: INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS (300) 3 Units – Rain Semester.
Introduction to solid earth physics including earth’s history, interior structure, interior motions, weathering, erosions and ground water ecology. Elements of Atmospheric Physics:
The Earth’s Atmosphere – structure, types and heat transfer;
Weather and its impact on Man. Atmospheric electricity.
Introduction to solar physics: Solar atmosphere, solar activity and radiations. The Solar System: Gravitation; Planets, Moons, Comets and Meteors.
The Universe: The Sun; Sunspots; Stars and Galaxies.
Prerequisites: Consent of the Instructor
PHY203: ELECTRIC CIRCUITS AND ELECTRONICS (300) 3 Units – Harmattan Semester.
Elements of circuit theory: Linear circuit elements; network theorems; transient response of linear circuits. Alternating current circuit theory; electrical resonance; coupled circuits; transformers; A.C. bridges. Electrical instruments.
Physics of active devices: Brief treatment of vacuum tubes. Semiconductors: Energy bands; electrons and holes. Junction and Zener diodes. Rectification, regulation.
Transistors: Bipolar, FET, MOSTEF; static characteristics small signal models and parameters. Basic voltage amplifiers.
Prerequisites: PHY 102
PHY205: INTRODUCTORY MODERN PHYSICS (300) 3 Units – Harmattan Semester
The origin of quantum theory – Black body radiation: Wien’s law, the Rayleigh –Jeans theory, Planck’s theory.
Electrons and quanta – Cathode rays; the specific charge of electrons, the charge and mass of electrons. Particle behaviour of electromagnetic radiation: photoelectric effect, xrays, compton effect, pair production and annihilation.
The atomic nucleus – Thomson’s model; Rutherford’s model; the size of the nucleus.
Wave behaviour of matter – De Broglie hypothesis; electron diffraction, Waveparticle duality. The uncertainty principle of Heisenberg.
Bohr’s theory of atomic structure – Atomic spectra, Wilson – Sommerfield quantisation rules; Sommerfield’s relativistic theory; the correspondence principle. Problems of the old quantum theory. Schrodinger wave equation and simple applications.
Prerequisites: PHY 101 and 102, MTH 101 and 102.
PHY206: MODERN PHYSICS (300) 3 Units. Rain Semester.
Introduction to fundamentals of relativity,; The Galilean transformation and electromagnetic Theory. The MichelsonMorley experiment. Einstein’s postulates. Simultaneity. The Lorentz transformation. Relativistic kinematics and dynamics. Experimental verification.
Magnetric moments and spineffects of an external magnetic field. Te SternGerlach experiment and electron spin. The spinorbit interaction; total angular momentum. Relativistic corrections to one electron atoms.
Manyelectron atomsPauli exclusion principle; the periodic table. The vector model; LS coupling scheme; Zeeman effect. Xrays: properties, spectra, diffraction.
Nuclear structure – The composition of nuclei: Nuclear sizes. Nuclear masses and abundances. Nuclear models. Radioactivity alpha, beta and gamma decays. Nuclear reactions, nuclear fussion and fusion, nuclear energy. Nuclear forces. Acclerators and nuclear radiation. Elementary particles.
Molecular and solid state physics – molecular binding; vibrational and rotational spectra. Electrons in solids, band theory. High energy physics; Elementary particles; Astrophysics; Stellar evolution and the Big Bang.
Prerequisites: PHY 205
PHY207: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS IIA. (003) 1 Unit – Harmattan Semester
Laboratory experiments which illustrate principles of experimentation and experimental techniques. These are chosen from topics such as stochastic behaviour, oscillatory mechanical systems, properties of matter, collisions and basic electrical and electronic instrumentation. These experiments include: Kater’s pendulum, free oscillation of a damped mechanical system, discharge of a capacitor, resonance in L.C.R. circuits, forced oscillations of a damped mechanical system, spectrometer refractive index by the method of minimum deviation, the cathode ray oscilloscope I.
Prerequisites: PHY 107, PHY 108
PHY208: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS IIB (003) 1 Unit – Rain Semester
Laboratory experiments which illustrate principles of experimentation in simple optical properties, basic electronic circuitry, simple atomic and nuclear properties. These experiments include: Measurement of D.C. voltage using CRO, Measurement of D.C. current, Measurement of A. C. voltage, Measurement of A. C. current, semiconductors diodesforward characteristics, reverse characteristics, transistor characteristics, experiments with square waves charging of capacitor through a resistor, square waves applied to CR series circuit, square waves applied to a CR series circuit – changing the frequency, inductor and resistor in series, the D. C. amplifier and electrometer.
Prerequisites: PHY 107, PHY 108
PHY250: PHYSICS OF THE EARTH. (200) 2 units – Rain Semester
The solar environment, solar wind, the Earth’s magnetosphere. History of the Earth: the Earth’s interior and composition. Geomagnetism and paleomagnetism. The dynamo theory. Principle of isostacy. Seismic waves; generation and propagation, earthquake zone, plate boundaries and tectonics.
PHY301: MATHEMATICAL METHODS OF PHYSICS I (300) 3 Units – Harmattan Semester
Curvilinear coordinates systems, Vector algebra and vector analysis, Vector and function spaces, Hilbert spaces, expansion of state vector, operators in infinite vector space.
Integral Calculus of functions of several variables: Multiple integrals; change of variables; improper integrals; integrals depending on a parameter; the Leibnitz rule.
Vector Integral Calculus: Two – and Three – Dimensional Theory; Theorems of Green, Gauss’ and Stokes. Simply and multiply connected domains.
Theory of Functions of a Complex Variable and complex analysis: Review of theory. The CauchyRiemann equation. Analytic Functions; Conformal Transformations; Integration in the complex plane. Cauchy’s Theorem and Integral formula. Liouville theorem. Theorm of Morera. Taylor and Laurent series. Calculus of residues and applications to real integrals. Conformal transformation and applications.
Tensor Analysis: Cartesian tensors; transformation properties. General tensor analysis; covariant differentiation; physical applications. Elementary group theory.
Prerequisites: MTH 201, MTH 202.
PHY302: MATHEMATICAL METHODS OF PHYSICS II (300) 3 Units – Rain Semester
Fourier series; Fourier transforms; Laplace transforms. Applications of integral transforms.
Solution of boundaryvalue problems of partial differential equations by various methods including separation of variables, method of integral transforms. Eigen function expansion method. Inhomogeneous equations; Green’s functions. Gamma functions; beta functions, Legendre functions; Bessel functions; Hermits functions; Laguerre functions; hypergeometric and confluent hypergeometric functions. Dirac delta functions and distributions. Classification; Kernels; Neumann and Fredholm equations. Methods of solution and applications.
Prerequisites: MTH 201, MTH 202.
PHY303: ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY I (300) 3 Units – Rain Semester
Boundaryvalue problems. Review of vector and tensor calculus, transformation properties of vectors and tensors, electrostatics, Magnetostatics; Static fields and matter. Electric and Magnetic energy.
Timevarying fields; Faraday’s law. Electrodynamics (Maxwell’s Equations), gauge transformations of scalar and vector potentials, retarded potentials, LienardWiechert potentials, radiation.
Fields of uniformly moving charges. Special theory of relativity, relativistic mechanics and relativistic electrodynamics
Prerequisites: PHY 102
PHY304: ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY II (300) 3 Units – Harmattan Semester
Maxwell’s equations and applications to propagation in bounded and unbounded media: electric fields in matter; magnetic fields in matter; electromotive force; electromagnetic induction; electromagnetic waves in vacuum, waves in dielectric and conductive materials; Waves in dispersive media; polarization phenomena; Fresnel diffraction Fresnel equations; reflection and refraction from an interface; Brewster angle, total internal reflection; interference, coherence effects.Radiation of electromagnetic waves; dipoles and antenna arrays. Elements of quantum theory of electromagnetic radiation: optical fibres; Guided waves. Elementary Plasma Physics.
Prerequisites: PHY 102
PHY305: THERMODYNAMICS AND KINETIC THEORY (300) 3 Units–Harmattan Semester.
The laws of thernodynamics; thermodynamic temperature, heat and internal energy, reversibility, entropy, free energies. Applications of thermodynamics to simple systemschemical potential, phase equilibrium and the phase rule, electrical potential, magnetisation, surface energy. Absolute zero and low temperature phenomena, the third law of thermodynamics.
Mathematical formulations of thermodynamics – exact differentials and state functions, transformation relationships for systems of two independent variables, Maxwell’s relations and Legendry transformations.
Kinetic theory molecular flux, equation of state of an ideal gas, the principle of equipartition of energy, classical theory of specific heat capacity.
Prerequisites: PHY 101
PHY306: OPTICS (300) 3 Units Rain Semester
Geometrical Optics: Fermat’s Principles and applications. Geometric theory of optical systems. Thick lens and lens systems. Aberrations, Fiber optics. The wave theory of light. Principle of superposition. Coherent and incoherent disturbances. Group velocity. Huygen’s principle.
Interference: Interference of two beams by division of wave front and division of amplitude. Young’s experiment, Fresnel’s biprism, Refractometers utilising interference phenomena. Interferometers – Michelson, FabryPerot.
Diffraction: Fraunhoffer diffraction by singleslit, double slit, multiple slit gratings. Resolving power of various optical systems, Fresnel diffraction; Fresnel integrals and Cornu’s spiral; diffraction by apertures and obstacles; zone plates.
Polarization: Analytical description of polarization of electromagnetic waves; production and detection of polarized light. Double refraction in crystals, Nicol prism, retardation plates. Babinet compensator. Optical activity and other optical properties of matter. Nonlinear phenomena.
Prerequisites: PHY 101, PHY 102
PHY307: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS IIIA (003) 2 Units – Harmattan Semester
Laboratory experiments essential to the development of contemporary physics and illustrating modern experimental techniques including spectroscopy, nuclear radiation techniques, advanced electronic circuits and vacuum techniques.
Prerequisites: PHY 207, PHY 208.
PHY308: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS IIIB (003) 2 Units – Rain Semester
This is a continuation of PHY 307 and includes a selection of openended experiments.
Prerequisites: PHY 307.
PHY309: INTRODUCTION TO ACCEERATOR PHYSICS. (200) 2 Units. Harmattan Semester
Introduction, History of Particle accelerator. General concepts; Introduction to the Physics of particle sources; Physics of plasmas, electron sources, ion sources. Motion of charged particles in electric and magnetic fields; Transverse beam motion; Hill’s equation, Representation of different ion optical elements by matrix formalism; Linear Accelerators: Alvarez and Wideroe structures, the radio frequency quadrupole.
Rf Cavity Design: Important parameters, field distribution in different cavity types, mode characterisation, visualisation of fields.
Ring Accelerators: Introduction to the Betatron, Microtron, Cyclotron, and Synchrotron.
Medical Accelerators: General concept, benefits, different accelerator concepts.
Overview of accelerator facilities worldwide.
Prerequisites: PHY 205, MTH 201, MTH 202.
CoPrerequisites: PHY 301; PHY 303.
PHY310: CLASSICAL MECHANICS II (300) 3 Units – Harmattan Semester.
Coupled motion. Motion of continuous media including fluids. The twobody central force problem, collisions and scattering by central force, rigid bodies dynamics; small oscillations. Motion in noninertial frame of reference, system of particles, deAlembert principle, generalized coordinates and Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics for continuous systems and fields; HamiltonJacobi theory; Lagrangian equations, variational and Principle of least action and Hamilton principles. The kinematics of rigid body motion and noninertial frames, rigid body equation of motion; Liouvile’s theorem, general wave motion, phase and group velocities, dispersion; Transformation theory, Canonical transformations and Poisson brackets; Transition to quantum mechanics; Special theory of Relativity: Relativistic kinematics and dynamics.
Prerequisites: PHY 201
PHY311: INTRODUCTION TO ASTROPHYSICS (200) 2 Units – Harmattan Semester
An introduction to the physics of the stars, galaxies and the universe based on observational data on stellar electromagnetic radiations.
Stellar parameters: mass, radius luminosity. Stellar systems and classification. Stellar interior and models. Energy generation and transport. Stellar pulsations; interstellar space. Stellar evolution. Galaxies; intergalactic space. Cosmology.
Prerequisites: Consent of the Instructor.
PHY312: INTRODUCTION TO SPACE PHYSICS. (200), 2 Units. Rain Semester.
Cosmic rays, solar energetic particles and the Earth’s radiation belts, geomagnetic shielding, solar UV and xrays. Single particle motion in magnetic ad electric fields, magnetohydrodynamics theory application to space. Structure and dynamics of the upper atmosphere, ionospheric formation and structure. Wavepropagation in plasma, plasmasphere, aurora and radiation belts.
Prerequisites: PHY202, PHY205.
PHY313: STELLAR ASTROPHYSICS (200) 2 Units Harmattan Semester.
Astronomy and physics, photometry, observational instruments, stellar spectra, stellar evolution, classification of stars, star clusters and binary stars, nucleosynthesis and formation of elements, galaxies and observed universe. Evolution of galaxies and their origin, quasars and active galaxies; Theories of the universe: from Newtonian cosmology to modern cosmology: BigBang theory and early universe, the universe and the arrow of time, confrontation between theories and observations.
Prerequisites: Consent of the Instructor
PHY314: QUANTUM PHYSICS I (300) 3 Units – Rain Semester
Background: This course is an introduction to quantum mechanics for undergraduate and firstyear graduate students who have not taken such a course. Based on experimental phenomena, the course will introduce the formal apparatus for treating quantum problems.
Historical perspective and origin of quantum theory, wave mechanics, group waves and wave packets, uncertainty principle, motion and spread of wave packets. Schrodinger equation, application to onedimensional problems, central potentialshydrogen atom; Hilbert space formalism, state space and Dirac’s notation, mathematical formulation. Schroedinger equation, and its solution, in one and three dimensions; Postulates of quantum mechanics. Quantum theory of measurement; uncertainty principle; commutation relations. Operators, eigenvalues, eigenfunctions and the physical interpretations of these quantities. The harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom. Central force problems. Applications including oneelectron atoms and rigid rotator.
Many –particle systems: Distinguishable and identical particles; symmetrization. Pauli exclusion principle. Spin and statistics. Applications.
Approximation Methods: Timeindependent perturbation theory; applications including Zeeman and Stark effects. Variational methods. WKB method. Methods for timedependent problems; magnetic resonance; absorption and emission of radiation.
Prerequisites: PHY 205, MTH 202
PHY315: INTRODUCTION TO PETROPHYSICS (200) 2 Units Rain Semester
Introduction. The Essential of well log analysis. Fundamentals of petrophysics and interrelations between petrophysical parameters. Borehole environmental. Invasion profiles and invasion characteristics. Hydrocarbon mobility. Acquisition of petrophysical data. Data quality assurance. Presentation of petrophysical data. Measurement of natural gamma rays. Formation waters . Importance of formation waters characteristics. The SP curve.Wellsite log evaluation. Formation resistivities. Shallow and deep resistivity measuring devices. Porosity related measurements with well logs in clean and shaly sands. Sonic(acoustic), Formation density and Neutron logs. Practical work with well log, core analysis and well pressure data.
Prerequisites: PHY202
PHY401: QUANTUM PHYSICS II (300) 3 Units – Harmattan Semester
Scattering Theory: Scattering in one dimension and in three dimensions. Coulomb scattering. Scattering of identical particles. Approximations: Born approximation. Partial wave analysis. Analytic properties and dispersion relations. Commutation relations and commutating observables. Creation and annihilation operators. Schrodinger, Heisenberg and interaction pictures, symmetries in quantum mechanics; General treatment of angular momentum, various commutations relations of angular mementum. SpinStern – Garlach experiment. Application of general theory to orbital and spin angular momentum. Identical particles, Pauli exclusion principle. Symmetry principles in quantum mechanics; conservation laws. Angular momentum and rotation; Clebsch–Gordon coefficients.
Semi classical radiation theory and applications: Relativistic wave equations. Solution of the Dirac equation for a free particle and in a central field. The electron spin.
General application of quantum mechanics to selected nuclear, atomic, molecular and condensed matter systems.
Prerequisites: PHY 312.
PHY403: STATISTICAL PHYSICS (300) 3 Units – Harmattan Semester
Review of Laws of thermodynamics.
Fundamental principles of classical and quantum statistical mechanics with applications to thermal, electrical and magnetic properties of matter. Chemical potential, phase equilibria; Equilibrium statistical mechanics phase space, microstates, macrostates, microcanonical, canonical and grandcanonical ensembles and partition functions; MaxwellBoltzmann, FermiDirac and BoseEinstein distributions, applications of statistical mechanics to ideal quantum gas, interacting systems, theories of phase transitions, etc; Elementary concepts of nonequlibrium statistical mechanics. Elementary treatment of fluctuations and transport phenemena.
Prerequisites: PHY 305.
PHY404: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS I (300) 3 Units Harmattan Semester.
Nuclear structure: Nuclear size, shapes and masses. Nuclear forces; Characteristic features; binding and separation energies; charge symmetry and independence of nuclear forces.
Nuclear models: Liquiddrop model; shell model. Radioactive decay: Alpha, beta, gamma decays. Interaction of radiation with matter;
Nuclear reactions; radiation detection techniques; nuclear instrumentation. Neutron physics: Production and detection of neutrons; neutron activation. Fission; fission reactors. Fusion; fusion reactors.
Elementary particles: Conservation laws and symmetry; particle classification; particle interactions. Resonance.
Prerequisites: PHY 205
PHY 405: SOLID STATE PHYSICS (300) 3 Units – Harmattan Semester
Crystal Structure: Symmetry operations and the basis, Fundamental types of lattices; Index systems in unit cells; Simple crystal structures of sodium chloride and caesium chloride, Hexagonal closedpacked structure (hcp), Diamond structure, Cubic zinc sulphide structure and so on; Direct imaging of atomic structure; crystal and non crystal structures data.
Wave diffraction and reciprocal lattice – The incident beam (xrays, neutrons and electrons); Experimental diffraction methods; Scattered wave amplitude: Laue equations. Brillouin zones – Reciprocity of SC, BCC and FCC lattices, Fourier analysis and structure factor of the lattices; atomic form factor. Crystal of inert gases including Van der WaalsLondon interaction, Repulsive interaction, Equilibrium lattice constant, cohesive energy, compressibility and bulk modulus. Ionic crystals – electrostatic or Madelung energy. Covalent crystals: metals; hydrogen bondedcrystals. Elastic waves in cubic crystals: Analysis of strains; compliance and stiffness constants. Phonons, crystal vibrations and thermal properties: Quantization of lattice vibrations; Inelastic scattering of photons, neutrons by phonons. Optical properties in the infrared; Phonons: Planck’s distribution, density of states in one and three dimensions, Debye model, Debye T^{3} law, Einstein model for density of states, general result for D(ω);
Anharmonic crystal interactions and thermal conductivity. Free electron gas, FermiDirac distribution function. Thermal properties of electron gas and ohm’s law. Electrical conductivity at high frequencies; plasmons; motion in magnetic fields
Prerequisite: PHY 306, PHY 314;
PHY416: Methods of Computational Physics and Materials Science. (300) Rain Semester
Introduction to mathematical techniques useful in the study of physics and materials science.
Approximation, interpolation and Error Estimation techniques in computations; Numerical Solution of System of Linear and nonlinear algebraic equations;
Methods of integrating a spectrum – trapezoid rule, Simpson’s rule, Gaussian quadratures. Different Methods including Gaussian, square root, Siedel, Newton etc. Monte Carlo simulation of physical systems and numerical differentiation and integration of equations of motion, discrete element methods in electromagnetism, neural networks, statistical and graphical representation of data. Deterministic randomness, random number generators. Random walk problem, random number generators, magnetization at a finite temperature, diffusion and percolation problems
Data fitting: Lagrange interpolation, cubic splines, linear and nonlinear least square fitting. Numerical methods of differentiation – forward difference, central difference, extrapolated difference, second derivatives, Euler’s algorithm, RungeKutta second and fourth order methods.
Applications: Physical properties of crystals using tensors and matrices; mathematical methods associated with crystal physics, diffusion, variational calculus and quantum mechanics.
Prerequisites: CSC 201 (Knowledge of FORTRAN or C Programming)
PHY420: NONLINEAR DYNAMICS, CHAOS and RECENT APPLICATIONS
(200) 2 Units.
Introduction to nonlinear dynamics, Chaos and Fractals. One Dimensional Flow: Fixed points and Stability, Bifurcations, flow on the circle. Two Dimensional Flow: Linear systems, Phase plane, Limit cycles, bifurcation in two dimensional systems.
Chaos: Chaos on a strange attractor, Lorenz map, Periodic windows, Liapunov exponents, universality, Renormalization.
Strange attractors: Henon map, Rossler system. SpatioTemporal Chaos in extended system; Synchronization in nonlinear and chaotic systems. Fractals. (With examples from Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Fluid Dynamics and Electronic Circuits.) Dynamical systems with nonlinearity, phase portraits and flow in one, two and three dimensions, fixed point, limit cycle motions, bifurcation. Stability of fixed point, limit cycles;
Deterministic chaos and strange attractors: Population growth, logistic maps etc., routes to chaosperiod doubling, intermittancy, quasi periodicity. Concept of universality and renormalization, measure of ChaosPoincare section, Lyapunov exponent;
Idea of Fractal geometry and dimension: Euclidean and topological dimensions, Cantor set and Koch curves, Fractal boundaries, determination of fractal geometry, Hausdor exponent, Self affinity, Hurst exponent. Examples from Physics, Engineering, biology and chemistry.
Prerequisite: Good knowledge of Partial differential equations and algebra
PHY421: RELATIVITY (300) 3 Units – Harmattan Semester
Review of historical and experimental background. Relativistic mechanics: Postulates of special relativity. Lorentz transformation and kinematics consequences. Successive Lorentz transformation. Graphical representation.
Four dimensional formulation: Four vectors; energymomentum four vector; Minkowski force. Collision of particles. Invariants. Applications. Relativistic electrodynamics: Covariant formulation of the MaxwellLorentz equations. Gauge invariance. Transformation laws for electromagnetic fields. The stressenergy tensor; conservation laws.
General Relativity: Matrix tensor; convariant differentiation; Christoffel symbols. Curvature tensor.
Gravitational fields: Principles of covariance and equivalence; constant or stationary fields. Particle motion in a gravitational field. Equations of Electrodynamics in a gravitational field.
Gravitational field equations: Einstein’s equations. Cosmological problems.
Prerequisites: PHY 301, PHY 302.
PHY422: SELECTED TOPICS IN CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS (300) 3 Units – Rain Semester.
Treatment of a selection of topical areas of condensed matter physics. The following areas are included:
Crystalline state: Theories and methods of crystal growth. Cohesive energy of crystals. Rigorous treatment of lattice vibrations. Manyelectron problems in crystals. Electronlattice interactions.
Superconductivity: Theory; recent developments especially high temperature superconductors. Electronic phenomena in nearly perfect crystals. Transport phenomena in solids.
Magnetism: Paramagnetism of incomplete shells; paramagnetic dispersion, absorption and resonance; nuclear magnetism. Topics in ferromagnetism. Topics in crystal lattice defects. The liquid state.
Prerequisites: PHY 405.
PHY424: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS II (200) 3 Units – Rain Semester
Elementary Particles: Fundamental particle interactions; classification and structure. Models. Weak and electromagnetic interactions. Strong interactions and resonance. Accelerators and iron sources; neutron sources; particle detection techniques and energy measurement. Nuclear reactions; nuclear spectroscopy.
Prerequisites: PHY 205, 206, 404
PHY425: Atomic and Molecular Physics (200) 2 Units
Review of atomic structure of H, two electron systems, alkali system, HartreeFock method, density functional theory based Khon Sham equation, models for exchange corelation functional, LS coupling, JJcoupling, fine structure and hyperfine structure. Zeeman, Stark and PaschenBack effects. Auger and Xrays transitions; Molecular binding, LCAO, LCMO, molecular spectra (electronic, vibrational, rotational etc.); Principles of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), ESR, Raman spectra, LASERS.
Prerequisite: Quantum Mechanics courses
PHY426: FURTHER QUANTUM PHYSICS (200) 2 Units
Integral formulation of Quantum mechanics, Path Integral, Relativistic wave equations, field quantization and particle processes, second quantization, interaction picture, Smatrix, many particle Green’s functions and diagrametric methods, Feynman diagrams, many body physics, relativistic quantum mechanics of spin1/2 particles, quantum theory of radiation, covariant of perturbation theory, elements of quantum electrodynamics. Applications in condensed matter physics.
Prerequisite: Quantum mechanics courses.
PHY428: PHOTONICS AND QUANTUM OPTICS (200) 2 Units – Rain Semester
Modern photonics methods, including optical system design, waveguides and fibre optics, electrooptics and acousticoptics, nonlinear optics and ultrafast laser systems. Spontaneous and stimulated emission; Einstein coefficients; absorption. Theory, design, operation and applications.
Prerequisites: PHY 312
PHY430: ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY (200) 2 Units – Rain Semester.
Oneelectron atoms; independent particle approximation. Manyelectron atoms. Coupling schemes. Zeeman effect. Hyperfine structure. The diatomic molecules; designation and description in terms of orbitals and valence bond theories. Spectra of diatomic; intensities in spectral bands. The Frank – Condon principle. Xray spectra and advances in technique. Microwave methods. Resonance phenomena: (ESR, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), optical pumping and Mossbauer effect.
Prerequisites: PHY 314
PHY431: ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS I (300) 3 Units – Harmattan Semester.
Physical Meteorology: Atmospheric variables and their measurements; meteorological instrumentation and observations – insitu and remote systems; Quality control of meteorological dta – data types, accuracy and precision, validation, internal consistency checks; Cloud Physics and Atmospheric thermodynamics. ;
Prerequisites: PHY 202, PHY 301
PHY432: ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS II (300) 3 Units – Rain Semester.
Dynamic Meteorology: Weather systems; The momentum equation; Circulation and vorticity; Scales of option in the atmosphere; The general circulation; The Atmospheric Boundary Layer, mesoscale meteorological modelling; Atmospheric radiation, Upper Atmosphere and Radiowave propagation, Atmospheric electricity Introduction to Satellite and Communication.
Prerequisites: PHY 202, PHY 301
PHY433: SOLID EARTH PHYSICS I 300 3 Units – Harmattan Semester
Introduction to potential field theory. Gravimetry, reduction and interpretation of gravity data. Seismology including elastic waves in unbounded media, analysis of seismic records and interpretation. These include: Elementary potential theory and potential field manipulation, Gravimetry, Basic theory, Measurement and units of gravity, Gravity reduction, drift , latitude, elevation, tidal, eotvos, correction freeair and bouguer anomalies; interpretation of gravity anomalies, the inverse problem, regional fields and residual anomalies; direct interpretation, indirect interpretation and applications of gravity surveying, seismic theory: geometry of seismic wave paths, characteristics of seismic events, reflection field methods and equipment; refraction field methods and equipment, data processing, refraction interpretation and reflection interpretation.
Prerequistes: MTH 201, PHY 202.
PHY434: SOLID EARTH PHYSICS II 300 3 Units – Rain Semester
Electrical conduction and electromagnetic induction methods. Geomagnetism and geothermometry. Radiometric surveys and application of remote sensing in geophysics. These include Electrical Surveying: Resistivity method; resistivity’s or rocks and minerals; current flow in the ground; electrode spreads; resistivity surveying equipment; interpretation of resistivity data; vertical electrical sounding interpretation; constant separation traversing interpretation and application of resistivity surveying. Induced Polarisation method: mechanisms of induced polarisation, measurement, field operations and interpretation surveying. Electromagnetic Surveying: depth of penetration of electromagnetic fields; detection of electromagnetic fields; tiltangle methods; the VLF method; phase measuring systems; timedomain electromagnetics surveying; noncontacting conductivity measurement; interpretation of electromagnetic data; ground penetrating radar and applications of electromagnetic surveying. Radiometric Surveying: Radioactive decay; radioactive minerals; instrument for measuring radioactivity and field surveys.
Prerequisites: PHY 202, PHY 304.
PHY435: SEISMOLOGY (200) 2 Units Harmattan Semester
Fundamentals of seismic wave propagation: elastic deformation and stress tensors and their relationship; equation of motion in an elastic medium; types of elastic waves; seismic velocities in rocks. Velocities and motions associated with body waves.
Reflection and refraction of elastic waves at solidsolid and liquidliquid interfaces. Head waves. Seismographs and seismograms; Travel time curves. Internal layering of the earth. Free oscillations. Density and other parameters in the earth.
Seismotectonics: Global seismicity; earthquake mechanisms, faulting dynamics: elastic Reid’s elastic rebound theory; single and double couple mechanisms. Specifications of shallow and deep earthquakes. Determination of earthquake magnitude and distance from seismograms. Divergent, transcurrent and convergent boundaries. Intraplate earthquakes. The earthquake cycle. Earthquake prediction
Prerequisites: PHY 304, PHY 306
PHY436: REMOTE SENSING (300) 3 Units – Rain Semester
Definition of remote sensing. Physical basis of remote sensing: Generation of EM radiation; EM spectrum, blackbodies; StefanBoltzmann’s law; Wien’s law; Kirchhoff’s law, Planck’s law.
Propagation of EM energy through the atmosphere: scattering, absorption. Interaction of EM radiation with earth surface features: reflection, spectral reflectance curves. Sensor classifications and types. Data collection platforms. Acquisitions of multi spectral images from spaceborne platforms. NigeriaSat1, Landsat and SPOT satellite systems.
Processing of data: rectification and classification, edge extraction, spatial and wave number domain filtering, Enhancement: estimation of band ratio, principal component analysis. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, histogram equalization, density slicing, linear feature extraction.
Thematic applications: ground water exploration, identification of earth surface features, drainage pattern and catchment delineation, identification of structura patterns in geology, urban and regional planning, atmospheric studies and weather forecasting and thermal spots from IR bands,
Monitoring of natural disasters. GIS.
Prerequisites: PHY 304, PHY 306
PHY437 GRAVIMETRY AND MAGNETOMETRY (200) 2 Units Harmattan Semnester
Gravimetry: Introduction to potential fields. Principles of the gravity method, gravity field of the earth, spherical harmonic representation of the gravity field, gravity field and the shape of the earth, the geoid, principle of isostacy, absolute and relative gravity measurements and necessary corrections.
Magnetometry: Principles of the magnetic method. Magnetic dipoles, potential and field. The earth’s magnetic field: elements and origin of the main field; the nondipole field; the external field: diurnal and secular variations. Magnetic properties of rocks and types of remanence. The external field. Magnetometers, ground and airborne magnetic measurements with necessary corrections
Processing and Interpretation of Potential field data: Gridding of random potential field data. Filtering, transformation and anomaly enhancement techniques. Interpretation using characteristic curves and polygon methods, limiting depth rules, forward and inverse modelling. Field examples.
Prerequisites: PHY 202, PHY 303
PHY438: ELECTRICAL AND ELECTROMAGNETIC METHODS (200) – 2 Units Rain Semester
Theory of the resistivity method. Resistivity of rocks and minerals; true and apparent resistivity. Electrode configurations and field procedures. Vertical electrical sounding, electrical profiling and mapping. Applications and interpretation of resistivity data. Self Potential method; Induced Polarisation method.
Electromagnetic methods; fundamental quantities and field equations; attenuation of field and depth penetration. Frequency and time domain Electromagnetic methods: AFMAG, VLF and Airborne Electromagnetic methods. Interpretation of EM data. Magnetotelluric method of depth sounding and applications to crystal and mantle studies.
Prerequisites: PHY 202, PHY 304
PHY499: INDEPENDENT STUDY AND PROJECT (PHYSICS) (009) 4 Units – Harmattan and Rain Semesters.
An opportunity for undergraduates to work closely with members of staff in supervised reading, library work and experimental or theoretical project. A student shall write at least an essay on a chosen topic, present an original report on an assigned project and give at least a seminar to the rest of the Department on the project or essay topic.
Engineering Physics Program aims at integrating what is conventionally considered “Engineering” and “Pure Physics”. Usually, the interests of both Engineering and Pure Physics cover a broad spectrum of overlapping fields. It is really artificial to draw a definite dividing line between them.
Specific options in this program –
These options cover a broad spectrum of Physics related to different fields of technology. Both are developmentoriented. Nuclear Engineering Science, for example, is highly interdisciplinary. It has strong interrelationships with electrical engineering, through problems in automatic control; computer science and plasmas; with mechanical engineering, through thermal, hydraulic and stress analysis; with chemical engineering, through chemical and isotopic separation problems; with materials science, through problems in radiation effect in solids; and with medical physics, through applications of nuclear medicine. Material science is similarly connected with engineering and Solid State physics and chemistry. The undergraduate curriculum attempts to reflect and maintain a close relationship with these various disciplines.
As advanced technological and scientific fields in rapid expansion, nuclear and materials sciences are in the forefront of developments involving the interaction of social, economic and environmental considerations. The task of contributing safely and economically, to meeting the world energy demands will afford challenging problems to nuclear and material scientists and engineers for decades to come.
Therefore, the program in engineering physics provides technical and scientific education for students interested in developing the peaceful applications of nuclear reactions, and related aspects of nuclear radiation in medicine, agriculture, food science, geology, etc. To achieve the full potential of nuclear energy from both fission and fusion reactions, it is necessary to develop materials capable of withstanding intense radiation for long periods of time. Novel materials processed in special ways are called for. In addition, material scientists with physical science underpinning will be better equipped to tackle impending problems of materials shortage and participate actively and fully in the country’s proposed metallurgical industry. They will also be able to engage in
In realization of the need for industrial experience, Physics students register a course titled PHY 437 (Field Trip) equivalent to SIWES under which they are credited.
FACULTY REQUIREMENTS
L – Lecture Hours; T – Tutorial Hours; P – Practical Hours
Course Code  Course Title  Units  Harm LTP  Rain LTP 
BIO101  Biology for Physical Sciences  3  300  
CHM101  Introductory Chemistry I  4  310  
CHM103  Experimental Chemistry I  1  003  
CHM102  Introductory Chemistry II  4 
 310 
CHM104  Experimental Chemistry I  1 
 003 
MTH101  Elementary Mathematics I  5  410  
MTH102  Elementary Mathematics II  5 
 410 
MTH201  Mathematical Methods I  4  400  
MTH202  Mathematical Methods II  4 
 400 
PHY101  General Physics I  4  310  
PHY102  General Physics II  4 
 310 
PHY107  Experimental Physics 1A  1  003  
PHY108  Experimental Physics 1B  1 
 003 
PHY205  Introductory Modern Physics  3  300  
PHY207  Experimental Physics 2A  1  003  
PHY208  Experimental Physics 2B  1 
 003 
FSC201  Entrepreneurship for Science Students I  2  200  
FSC202  Entrepreneurship for Science Students II  2  200  
SubTotal  50 

Course Code  Course Title  Units  Harm LTP  Rain LTP 
EPH102  Energy and Society  1  100  
EPH202  Introduction to Nuclear Engineering Science  3  300  
EPH204  Introduction to Materials Science  3  300  
EPH301  Atomic Arrangements in Solids  2  200 

EPH302  Rate Processes in Materials  2  200  
EPH303  Solid State Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria  2  200  
EPH402  Electrical, Optical and Magnetic Properties of Materials  3  300  
EPH 406  Radiation Effects and Protection  2  200  
EPH411  SIWES  3  300  
EPH412  Nuclear and Materials Laboratory  1  003  
EPH499  Engineering Physics Independent Study and Project  4  0012  0012 
PHY201  Classical Mechanics I  3  300  
PHY203  Electric Circuits and Electronics  3  300  
PHY 206  Modern Physics  3  300  
PHY301  Mathematical Physics I  3  300  
PHY302  Mathematical Methods of Physics II  3 
 300 
PHY303  Electromagnetic Theory I  3  300  
PHY304  Electromagnetic Theory II  3  300  
PHY305  Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory  3  300  
PHY306  Optics  3  300  
PHY307  Experimental Physics IIIA  2  003  
PHY308  Experimental Physics IIIB  2  003  
PHY 309  Introduction to Accelerator Physics  2 
 200 
PHY310  Classical Mechanics II  3 
 300 
PHY314  Quantum Physics I  3  300  
PHY401  Quantum Physics II  3 
 300 
PHY404  Nuclear and Particle Physics I  3  300  
PHY403  Statistical Physics  3  300  
PHY405  General Solid State Physics  3  300  
AGE202  Workshop Practice  2  200  
CSC201  Introduction to Computing  3  300  
CSC208  Computer Technology  2 
 200 
Total Units  84 

Part I
Code Title  Harm  Units  Rain  Units  
EPH102  Energy and Society 

 100  1  
PHY101  General Physics I  310  4 

 
PHY102  General Physics II 

 310  4  
PHY107  Experimental Physics 1A  003  1 

 
PHY108  Experimental Physics 1B 

 003  1  
MTH101  Elementary Mathematics I  410  5 

 
MTH102  Elementary Mathematics II 

 410  5  
CHM101  Introductory Chemistry I  310  4 

 
CHM102  Introductory Chemistry II 

 310  4  
CHM103  Experimental Chemistry I  003  1 

 
CHM104  Experimental Chemistry I 

 003  1  
BIO101  Biology for Physical Sciences  300  3 

 
SER001  Use of English  200  2  200  2  
 Total Units 
 20 
 18  38  
PART II  
Code  Title  Harm  Units  Rain  Units  
EPH202  Introduction to Nuclear Engineering Science 

 300  3  
EPH204  Introduction to Materials Science 

 300  3  
PHY201  Classical Mechanics I  300  3 

 
PHY203  Electric Circuits and Electronics  300  3 

 
PHY205  Introductory Modern Physics  300  3 

 
PHY206  Modern Physics 

 300  3  
PHY207  Experimental Physics 2A  003  1 

 
PHY208  Experimental Physics 2B 

 003  1  
AGE202  Workshop Practice 

 200  2  
CSC201  Introduction to Computing  300  3 

 
CSC208  Computer Technology 

 200  2  
FSC 201  Entrepreneurship for Science Students I  200  2 

 
FSC 202  Entrepreneurship for Science Students I 

 200  2  
MTH201  Mathematical Methods I  310  4 

 
MTH202  Mathematical Methods II 

 310  4  
 Special Elective  200  2  200  2  
 Total Units 
 21 
 22  43  

PART III  
Code  Title  Harm  Units  Rain  Units  
EPH301  Atomic Arrangements in Solids  200  2 

 
EPH302  Rate Processes in Materials 

 200  2  
EPH303  Solid State Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria  200  2 

 
PHY301  Mathematical Methods of Physics I  300  3 

 
PHY302  Mathematical Methods of Physics II 

 300  3  
PHY303  Electromagnetic Theory I  300  3 

 
PHY304  Electromagnetic Theory II 

 300  3  
PHY305  Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory  300  3 

 
PHY306  Optics 

 300  3  
PHY307  Experimental Physics IIIA  003  2 

 
PHY308  Experimental Physics IIIB 

 003  2  
PHY309  Introduction to Accelerator Physics  200  2 

 
PHY310  Classical Mechanics II 

 300  3  
PHY314  Quantum Physics I 

 300  3  
 Special Electives 
 2 
 2  
 Total Units 
 19 
 21  40  
PART IV  
Code  Title  Harm  Units  Rain  Units  
EPH402  Electrical, Optical and Magnetic Properties of Materials 

 300  3  
EPH406  Radiation Effects and Protection 

 200  2  
EPH411  SIWES^{*}  300  3 

 
EPH412  Nuclear and Materials Laboratory 

 003  1  
PHY401  Quantum Physics II  300  3 

 
EPH499  Engineering Physics Independent Study and Project  009  2  009  2  
PHY403  Statistical Physics  300  3 

 
PHY404  Nuclear and Particle Physics I 

 300  3  
PHY405  General Solid State Physics  300  3 

 
 Restricted Electives 
 2 
 4  
 Free Electives 
 3 
 3  
 Total Units 
 19 
 18  37 
Code  Course Title  Harm  Rain  Units  
PHY250  Physics of the Earth 
 200  2  
PHY313  Stellar Astrophysics  200 
 2  
PHY315  Introduction to Petrophysics  200 
 2  
PHY416  Computational Methods in Physics and Materials Science 
 200  2  
PHY420  NonLinear Dynamics, Chaos and Recent Applications 
 200  2  
PHY421  Relativity  200 
 2  
PHY422  Selected Topics in Condensed Matter Physics 
 200  2  
PHY424  Nuclear and Particle Physics II 
 200  2  
PHY425  Atomic and Molecular Physics  200 
 2  
PHY426  Quantum Physics III 
 200  2  
PHY428  Photonics and Quantum Optics 
 200  2  
PHY430  Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy 
 200  2  
PHY431  Atmospheric Physics I  300 
 3  
PHY432  Atmospheric Physics II 
 300  3  
PHY433  Solid Earth Physics I  300 
 3  
PHY434  Solid Earth Physics II 
 300  3  
PHY435  Seismology  200 
 2  
PHY436  Remote Sensing 
 200  2  
PHY437  Gravimetry and Magnetometry  200 
 2  
PHY438  Electrical and Electromagnetic Methods 
 200  2  
EPH202  Introduction to Nuclear Science and Engineering 
 300  3  
EPH204  Introduction to Materials Science 
 300  3  
EPH305  Solar Energy  200 
 2  
EPH306  Physical Electronics 
 200  2  
EPH307  Rock Mechanics  200 
 2  
EPH311  Introduction to Nuclear Reactor Theory  300 
 3  
EPH401  Imperfections in Crystalline Solids  200 
 2  
EPH403  Nuclear Materials  200 
 2  
EPH404  Mechanical Behaviour of Materials 
 200  2  
EPH405  Polymer Science  200 
 2  
EPH408  Physics of Microelectronic and Photonic Devices 
 200  2  
EPH410  Selected Topics in Advanced Materials 
 200  2  
EPH412  Nuclear and Materials Laboratory 
 003  1  
EPH413  Vacuum Science and Application  200 
 2  
EPH414  Introduction to Tribological Properties of Materials 
 300  3  
EPH421  Thermal Hydraulics and Reactor Design  300 
 3  
EPH422  Nuclear Fuel Management  –  200  2  
EPH424  Nuclear Reactor Safety 
 200  2  
EPH425  Introduction to Numerical Simulations in Radiation Transport  200 
 2  
BCH201  Cell and Molecular Biology  300 
 3  
BCH406  Biophysics 
 200  2  
CHM306  Polymer Chemistry 
 200  2  
CSC307  Numerical Computation I  300 
 3  
CSC308  Numerical Computation II 
 300  3  
CSC521  Modelling and Simulation  200 
 2  
CSC523  Mathematical Programming 
 200  2  
EEE302  Electronic Engineering 
 300  3  
EEE313  Electrical Measurements and Instrumentation  300 
 3  
EEE407  Pulse and Digital Techniques  200 
 2  
EEE523  Electronic Materials Technology  300 
 3  
EEG206  Electronic Engineering I 
 300  3  
EEG301  Electronic Engineering II  210  –  3  
EEG413  Electronic Devices Design and Fabrication  200 
 2  
EEG521  Instrumentation Engineering I  300 
 3  
GLY322  Introductory Exploration Geophysics 
 300  3  
GLY303  Structural Geology 
 300  3  
GLY418  Petroleum Geology 
 300  3  
ICH306  Petroleum Chemistry 
 200  2  
MTH206  Introduction to Numerical Analysis 
 300  3  
MTH302  Differential Equations 
 400  4  
MTH303  Advanced Calculus  200 
 2  
STT201  Introduction to Statistics  200 
 2  
TPD502  Technology Policy 
 300  3 
iii) Departmental Requirement 84 88
Minimum Total Number of Units 158 147
EPH102: ENERGY AND SOCIETY (100) 1 Unit – Rain Semester
Energy resources: types, distribution, costs and reserves. Technologies for energy production, conversion and storage. Environmental and social impact of energy exploitation. Energy in the future.
Prerequisites: Consent of the Instructor.
EPH202: INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING (300) 3 Units – Rain Semester.
Basic treatment of nuclear reactions, fission and fusion; interaction of neutrons with matter. Principles of nuclear reactors. Reactor classification and applications. Radiation shielding, measurement and protection.
Prerequisites: CHM102
EPH204: INTRODUCTION TO MATERIALS SCIENCE (300) 3 Units – Rain Semester.
Elementary treatment of the following: Atomic structure and bonding; crystal structure and crystal geometry; atomic order and disorder in solids; Equilibrium and Kinetics; Introduction to mechanical properties of solids, Plastic deformation in crystalline solids, strengthening mechanisms, Microstructural control in solids; composite materials. Electrons and electron transport in solids, basic electrical, magnetic and optical properties of solids. Application of the basic principles of physics and chemistry to the selection and use of engineering materials.
Prerequisites: CHM 101, 102, PHY 101, 102. Lecturer’s consent
EPH301: ATOMIC ARRANGEMENTS IN SOLIDS (300) 3 Units – Rain Semester.
Description and determination of atomic arrangements in perfect and imperfect crystals especially important in metals, ceramics, semiconductors and in amorphous materials. Elements of formal crystallography, crystalline defects, development of point groups and space groups and diffraction phenomena.
Prerequisites: PHY 204 / Lecturer’s discretion.
EPH302: RATE PROCESSES IN MATERIALS (300) 3 Units – Rain Semester.
Diffusion and phase transformations in solids. Diffusion topics: Fick’s law, atomic theory of diffusion and diffusion in alloys. Phase Transformation topics: nucleation, growth, diffusional transformations, spinolal decomposition and interface phenomena. Structural transitions including recrystallization and liquidsolid solidsolid phase transformations. Property control by microstructural control.
Prerequisites: EPH 303
EPH303: SOLID STATE THERMODYNAMICS AND PHASE EQUILIBRIA (300) 3 Units Harmattan Semester.
Scope of thermodynamics; basic definitions and concept. First law of thermodynamics; Joule’s experiment; energy and enthalpy properties; law of Hess; Kirchoff’s equation; Second law of thermodynamics; The Clausius inequality and entropy. Thermodynamic potentials and thermodynamic relations – Legendre transformations and thermodynamic potential; Maxwell substitute and mathematical manipulations. Chemical potentials; thermodynamic determination of equilibrium constants; equilibrium in thermodynamic systems. Phase equilibra and phase diagrams: Gibbs phase rule; single component phase diagram; binary diagram and TX diagram; ternary phase diagram; relation of microstructure to binary diagrams. Thermodynamics of solutions, chemical reactions and nonstoichiometry in compounds. Free energy composition diagram and their relation to TX diagrams; the thermodynamic importance of saturation lines; stability criterion for one and two component systems (metastability). Statistical methods of alloy thermodynamics.
Prerequisites: EPH 204, PHY 305
EPH305: SOLAR ENERGY (200) 2 Units – Harmattan Semester.
Quantitative review of heat radiation and transfer as they apply to solar systems and components such as collectors, converters, insulators and storage devices. Survey and assessment of various systems for domestic use of solar energy. Solar energy converters including biological systems.
Prerequisites: Consent of the Instructor.
EPH306: PHYSICAL ELECTRONICS (200) 2 Units – Rain Semester.
Introduction to semiconductor physics: Crystal structure; energy bands and energy gap; carrier concentration at thermal equilibrium; carriertransport phenomena; phonon, optical, thermal and high field properties of semiconductors; heterojunctions and nanostructures; basic equations for semiconductor device operation. Device building blocks: pn junctions; metalsemiconductor contacts; metalinsulatorsemiconductor capacitors. Transistors: Bipolar transistors; MOSFETs; JFETs; MESFETs; MODFETs. Negative resistance and power devices: Tunnel devices, IMPATT diodes; transferredelectron and realspacetransfer devices; thyristor and power devices. Photonic devices and sensors: LEDs and lasers; photodetector and solar cells; sensors.
Prerequisite: EPH 204, PHY 203
EPH307: Rock Mechanics 200 2 Units
Introduction. Geological classification of rocks; Index properties of rocks; Stresses in rock; Rock strength and Failure criteria; Rock deformation and strain; Stress – strain relationship in rocks; Measurement of rock stresses.
Prerequisite: EPH 204.
EPH311: INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR REACTOR THEORY (300) 3 Units – Harmattan Semester.
A review of nuclear reactions. Fission and fusion systems. Neutron thermalization and transient chain reactions; criticality condition; diffusion of neutrons in multiplying and nonmultiplying systems; effects of lattice structure and reflectors. Theory of control rod. Elements of the theory of neutron transport.
Prerequisites: EPH 202.
EPH401 IMPERFECTIONS IN CRYTALLINE SOLIDS (200) 2 Units Harmattan Semester.
Electronic defects; vacancies and interstitials; nonstoichiometry. The relation of lattice defects to the physical and mechanical properties of crystalline solids. Point defects and their relationship to transport properties in metallic, covalent and ionic crystals. Dislocation mechanics including stress field and selfenergy; partial and extended dislocations; interfacial and bulk defects. Geometric, crystallographic, elastic, and energetic properties of dislocations. Interaction between the various defects. Relations between dislocations and the mechanical properties of crystals. Selected applications to physical behaviour of solids.
Prerequisites: EPH 304, EPH 201
EPH402: ELECTRICAL OPTICAL AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS (300) 3 Units – Rain Semester.
Electrons in solids including the band theory, electronic energy bands and electronic transports applied to metals, semiconductors and insulators.
Electrical conduction in solids, Hall effect, photoconductivity and superconductivity. The behaviour of electronic and optical devices including pn junctions, rectifiers, doping processes, MOS capacitors, MOSFETs, optical waveguide etc.
Dielectric and Thermal properties; band electron theory of magnetism, magnetization, ferromagnetism, magnetic domains and domain theory: magnetostatic and exchange energy and magnetostriction; hysteresis loops;
Commercially significant magnetic materials such as IronSilicon and IronNickel alloys, Ferrites, fineparticle magnets,
Applications to microelectronics, optoelectronics, transducers, radiation detection
Prerequisites: EPH 204
EPH403: NUCLEAR MATERIALS (200) 2 Units – Harmattan Semester.
Behaviour of nuclear materials in a nuclear reactor environment; radiation damage to solids and liquids; chemical effects of fission products including structural changes. Diffusion, release and chemical control of radiococlides. Isotope separation. Fuel reprocessing and Nuclear Waste management.
Prerequisites: EPH204, EPH202.
EPH404: MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF SOLIDS (200) 2 Units – Rain Semester.
Strength of materials; Elastic and plastic properties; the stressstrain curve; anelasticity, yielding; necking; fracture. Theory of elasticity; elastic anisotropy; atomic basis of elastic behaviour; Thermal effect.
Dislocation mechanics: dislocationdislocation and dislocationparticle interaction; dislocation motion; dislocation reactions and partial dislocation.
Plastic deformation and strengthening mechanisms; single and polycrystalline deformation; work hardening and recovery; twinning; Effects of grain size, temperature and strain size on plastic flow; creep and fatigue deformation and fracture. The Hall Petch Relation; strain ageing; strengthening mechanisms in metals; Bauschinger Effect. Deformation of metals, ceramics and polymers; viscoelasticity and rubber elasticity
Microstructure strength correlations in steels superalloys and high strength nonferrous alloys. Deformation of ceramice as and polymeric materials. Brittle and ductile fracture; Griffith Criterion, crack initiation and propagation.
Prerequisites: EPH204.
EPH405: POLYMER SCIENCE (200) 2 Units – Harmattan Semester
Chain microstructure including network formation, sequence and stereoisomerism, molecular weight determination, solution and diffusional transport properties, morphology and order in crystalline polymers. Structure determination; glass transition behaviour and polymer crystallinity. Polymerization: stepgrowth and chain reaction polymerisation; Functionality, anionic and cationic polymerisation, copolymerisation.
Classification and definition of composite materials; Fibres and Matrices; Fibrematrix interface; Laminate theory; strength of short fibre composite materials and unidirectional laminae
Prerequisites: EPH204
EPH406: RADIATION EFFECTS AND PROTECTION (200) 2 Units – Rain Semester.
A review of the interaction of radiation with matter. Radiation effects in chemical and biological systems; Radiation dosimetry, theory and practical. Principles of radiation protection; shielding of nuclear installations; shield design and safety standards. Radioactive waste management and radiological emergencies.
Prerequisites: EPH202
EPH408: Physics of Microelectronic and Photonic Devices. (200) 2 Units. Rain Semester.
The course introduces carrier transport in materials, physics of phenomena in semiconductors and optical fiber communications. This course provides basic idea to carry research in the area of semiconductors and photonics; Carrier Drift, Drift velocity, Carrier mobility, Carrier Diffusion, Generation and Recombination Process, Diffusion and diffusion current equations, Diffusion coefficient, Einstein relation, Continuity equation, Thermionic Process, Tunneling Process, High Field Effects; Thermal equilibrium condition, Depletion region, Depletion capacitance, Current voltage characteristics, Junction breakdown, Heterojunction, junction potential; Behaviour of charged particles in conducting, insulating and semiconductor materials – thin film phenomena – Transport properties of thin films – Epitaxial growth – Microelectronics – Lithography and etch techniques – Microelectronic devices for Magnetic, dielectric, conductive and optical memory applications; Radiative Transition and optical absorption, Light emitting Diode, Semiconductor Laser, Laser Diodes, Optical Modulators, optical fibers, couplers, electrooptic devices, magnetooptic devices, Photo detector, Solar cell. Physics and electrical description of integrated circuit elements.
Prerequisites: knowledge in elementary solid state Physics and semiconductor properties.
EPH410: SELECTED TOPICS IN ADVANCED MATERIALS. 2 Units [200]
Selected topics covering introductory aspect of nanoscience and technology, nanoparticles and nanomaterials synthesis, nanofabrication, organic electronics, devices fabrication. From Atoms, to Materials, to Devices to System Architecture. Novel Materials and Devices for optoelectronic/photonic applications. Elementary treatment of transport in Nanostructures. Emerging nanotechnologies for future electronic applications. Related topics can be taught by the lecturer.
EPH412: NUCLEAR AND MATERIALS LABORATORY (003) 1 Units – Rain Semester.
Laboratory course designed to familiarized students with various nuclear measurement techniques, nuclear instrumentation, Xray crystallography, thermal, mechanical, thermal, optical and electrical properties measurement techniques; metallography and microscopy, determination of various properties of materials and technical writing. Students are to create complex structure models, construct stereographic projections and perform one or two experiments to reveal the microstructure of given materials. Students are to present a term paper on a topic to be given to each and present at the end of the semester.
Prerequisites: Consent of the Instructor.
EPH413: Vacuum Science and Application 2 Units (200)
Vacuum and its necessity. Gas flow in vacuum systems, Pumping speed and through put; Creation of Vacuum: Rotary vane pump, Roots blower pump, Diffusion pump, Ionization pump, Diaphragm pump, Adsorption pump, Turbo molecular pump; Measurement of Vacuum: Pirani/Thermocouple gauge, Penning/Ionization Gauge (hot cathode and cold cathode), Capacitance gauge, Bourdon gauge, McLeod gauge; Quality of vacuum: Residual gas analyzer, Leak detection. Material selection and vacuum chamber; Application of Vacuum in thin film deposition: Thermal evaporation, DC and RF sputtering, Molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), Pulsed LASER deposition (PLD).
EPH 414: INTRODUCTION TO TRIBOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS (300) 3 Units – Rain Semester.
Introduction and historical perspective. Fundamentals of engineering surfaces: The nature of surfaces; physicochemical characteristics of surface layers; surface structure; surface texturing; analysis of surface roughness; measurement of surface roughness. Contact between solid surfaces: Adhesion in solidsolid contact including covalent bonds, ionic or electrostatic bond, metallic bond, hydrogen and resonance bond, van der Waals bond; free energy theory of adhesion; quantum mechanical description of atom interactions; electronic structure of materials; interaction between molecular chains; polymer adhesion; liquid mediated contact.
Friction: Basic concepts; classification of frictional contacts; empirical laws of friction; friction mechanisms; factors affection friction; friction of materials; friction measuring devices.
Wear: Terminologies in wear; wear mechanisms; thermodynamic models of wear; factors affecting wear; role of subsurface; zone on wear, strain rate response approach; correlation between friction and wear.
Lubrication: Fluid film lubrication – regimes of fluid film lubrication, viscous flow and Reynolds equation; boundary lubrication; lubricants – oils, semifluids (grease), gas, solids, composites. Tribological components and applications; MEMS/NEMS; materias processing; industrial applications.
Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor
EPH421: THERMAL HYDRAULICS AND REACTOR DESIGN (300) 3 Units – Rain Semester.
Treatment of heavy mass and momentum transfer with special reference to nuclear reactor systems. Laminar and turbulent flows. Twophase fluid flow. Thermal stress analysis. Engineering principles of nuclear reactors; application central station power reactors. Power plant thermodynamics; energy production and distribution. Current designs of both thermal and fast reactor systems.
Prerequisites: EPH202, EPH 311.
EPH422: NUCLEAR FUEL MANAGEMENT (200) 2 Units – Rain Semester
Concepts of reactor physics. Neutron diffusion. Core heat transfer. Reactor operation and reactivity. Variables of core management. Computer code models and alternative reactor concepts: methods of optimisation and general systems aspects.
Prerequisites: EPH 201, EPH 202.
EPH424: Nuclear Reactor Safety
Principles and methods used in the safety evaluation of nuclear power plants. Safety philosophies, design criteria, and regulations. Deterministic and probabilistic models, reliability analysis, nuclear and thermalhydraulic transients, radiological consequences, and risk assessment. Designbasis and severe accident analysis, role of engineered safety systems, siting, and licensing.
Prerequisites: Consent of the instructor
EPH425: Introduction to Numerical Simulations in Radiation Transport
Computational methods used to analyze radiation transport described by various differential, integral and integrodifferential equations. Numerical methods include finite difference, finite elements, discrete ordinates, and Monte Carlo. Examples from neutron and photon transport; numerical solutions of neutron/photon diffusion and transport equations. Monte Carlo simulations of photon and neutron transport. An overview of optimization techniques for solving the resulting discrete equation on vector and parallel computer systems.
Prerequisites: Consent of the instructor
EPH499: ENGINEERING PHYSICS INDEPENDENT STUDY AND PROJECT
(009) 4 Units – Harmattan and Rain Semesters.
An independent thesis project selected on the basis of student interest will be carried out under the supervision of staff. Each student shall produce a written report of the selected project and give an oral presentation to the Department.